- Installation Instructions
- I: Preparation
- II: Boot into the Live Environment
- III: Installation to Hard Drive
The following are instructions for installing Bodhi Linux on to your computer from a working Linux system via a USB drive (eg: thumb-drive). This is the recommended method. Installation using another operating system or via CD/DVD is also possible.
Before beginning, you will need the following things:
– A computer (imagine that! ) with an empty/blank hard drive/partition to use.
(If you are willing to overwrite any/all current data, including an OS, you may. Just choose to “use the entire hard drive” – details below. NOTE: THIS DATA WILL BE LOST!!!)
– A USB drive that contains no important data – it will all be erased during this process!
- 500mhz processor
- 256MB of RAM
- 4GB of drive space
- 1.0ghz processor
- 512MB of RAM
- 10GB of drive space
Does your system meet these requirements? Then click here to see which ISO image will best suit you!
*Note: the installer runs best with the availability of greater than 1 GB of RAM – if your system does not meet this specification, please ensure your swap space + RAM capacity is large enough to accommodate before running the installer. You can adjust your swap to a smaller size post install if desired. Also, closer to 2 GB of RAM (or swap space + RAM) for the installer will ensure optimal performance.
Note: visit the Selecting the Correct ISO wiki page for more information on which version of Bodhi is best for you (examples given are using the
1) Visit the Download Page
2) Click the Download link. (If you are familiar with using Torrents, you may select the Torrent Download link for a faster download and less stress on the Bodhi servers)
3) Save the file to a location you will remember.
1) From the same link as above click the md5 link.
2) Save the file to the same location that you saved the Bodhi Linux .iso file.
3) Open a terminal emulator (Terminology for example)
4) Switch to the directory where you downloaded the files (
/home/user/Downloadsin this example – adjust the location to where you downloaded to):
5) View the md5 sum to verify against:
6) Generate the md5sum for the downloaded .iso file:
7) The generated number from step 6 must exactly match the number to verify against from step 5. If the numbers do not match exactly the .iso file is corrupted or was so in the download process and you will have to download again. Likely they do match – then please continue …
*7.5) An alternate method of verifying integrity is: after step 4, write:
md5sum -c bodhi-4.5.0-64.iso.md5
If the .iso file is OK you will get a reply like:
1) Unetbootin Method:
***note: may not work with UEFI motherboards***
a) Install Unetbootin
- b) Insert your USB drive.
c) Open Unetbootin – method will vary depending on distribution, or open a terminal and type
d) Type your password when prompted, then click OK
e) Click the bottom radio button next to Diskimage
f) ISO should already the default selection in the adjacent drop-down menu. If not, select ISO from the list.
g) Click the button marked with ellipses (…)
h) Navigate to the location where you download the Bodhi Linux .iso
bodhi-4.5.0-64.isoand click OK
j) The Type: selection drop-down menu should default to USB Drive. If not, select USB Drive from the list.
k) Select the drive location of your USB drive in the Drive: drop-down menu. Location will vary among systems.
l) Click OK. After a few minutes your bootable USB drive will be created.
More information about unetbootin is available on their site at http://unetbootin.sourceforge.net
2) Command Line ‘dd’ Method
If the unetbootin method does not work for you, use this ‘dd’ method from the command line:
- a) Open a terminal.
- b) Navigate to the location where you downloaded the Bodhi Linux .iso
ex.: cd /home/(username)/downloads/
- c) To inspect your drives; insert your USB drive and in the terminal type:
sudo parted –l
**Tip – run the above command before and then after inserting your USB Drive – the drive that shows up will be your USB Drive (this can be help for new users to interpret the output from the ‘sudo parted -l’ command).
You will see output representative of all of your HHDs/SSDs/USB drives (types, partitions, etc) similar to the following:
Model: ATA Samsung SSD 850 (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 1000GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: gpt Disk Flags: Number Start End Size File system Name Flags 1 1049kB 106MB 105MB fat32 EFI system partition boot, esp 2 106MB 1050MB 944MB ntfs Basic data partition hidden, diag 3 1050MB 1184MB 134MB Microsoft reserved partition msftres 4 1184MB 109GB 108GB ntfs Basic data partition msftdata 5 109GB 220GB 111GB ext4 bodhi_4 6 424GB 441GB 17.3GB linux-swap(v1) 7 441GB 871GB 430GB ntfs msftdata 8 978GB 979GB 524MB xfs msftdata 9 979GB 1000GB 21.5GB ntfs Basic data partition hidden, diag Model: TOSHIBA TransMemory (scsi) Disk /dev/sdb: 2063MB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 1049kB 2063MB 2062MB primary fat32 boot
This output is telling you that a 2 GB Toshiba USB drive plugged in has been allocated as /dev/sdb. From this information you will now be able to use ‘dd’ to create a live, bootable Bodhi USB drive.
*** Do NOT overwrite your PC’s hard drive during this next step or you will very likely lose all data on your hard drive. Be VERY SURE that the device you type is NOT your PC’s hard drive. ***
The previous step determined that /dev/sda is our 1000 GB hard drive, we do NOT want to enter that into the next step, or it will be over-written. If you have more than one physical hard drive in your PC, be sure you don’t over-write that (or those) either. OK?…
- d) From the data collected during the previous step, you can now execute the ‘dd’ command in the terminal:
sudo dd if=/home/(username)/Downloads/bodhi-4.5.0-64.iso of=/dev/sdb
It will take a while to complete this command [without progress output (until it is finished)], so it may just be best to walk away and get a snack or some exercise while this step completes. Trust thy PC!
3) Alternative Optical Media Method
If you want to burn a CD/DVD that will be bootable under both Legacy & UEFI, try this command (it is basically the equivalent of ‘dd‘ for a CD/DVD):
xorrecord dev=/dev/sr0 speed=12 fs=8m blank=as_needed -eject padsize=300k /home/(username)/downloads/bodhi-4.4.0-64.iso --or-- you may need to replace 'sr0' above with one of --> cdrom, cdrw, dvd, dvdrw (or possibly others - depends on your system)
Most systems are not set up to boot from a USB stick automatically. Since the method for doing so varies from machine to machine, you may have to experiment and/or consult the documentation for your system’s BIOS. Here are some pointers:
Many systems will allow you to enter a “one time boot menu” by pressing F2 or F12 during initial system start-up. This will give you several options (CD/DVD, USB, Network, Hard Drive, etc) from which to boot.
Look for a message during initial system start-up that tells you which button to press to enter the BIOS. Often this is the Delete key. From within the BIOS you are able to alter the Boot Sequence and choose USB as the first device.
- In some cases the BIOS requires that the USB stick is inserted into a USB port before it will recognize it in the boot order.
A lot of newer systems are no longer coming with a BIOS. Intel’s UEFI standard changed a lot of mechanics in a computers boot sequence. Unfortunately, the details of the changes and exactly how to configure it is beyond the scope of this guide. Please feel free to stop by the forums or our IRC channel for help configuring your UEFI machine.
1) Insert the bootable USB stick.
2) Reboot to USB using the method determined above.
Using the arrow keys on the keyboard, highlight Bodhi Linux Live/Install, then press Enter
You are now in the Bodhi Linux Live Environment where you can explore and test Bodhi Linux to your heart’s content.
**Note: depending on your system’s specs, this step may take a while to load – be patient!
- Next: installation!
Note: you cannot directly install from your bootable USB drive, you must boot into the Live Environment first!
1) Initialize Installer: From the Bodhi Live Environment, locate and click the Install Bodhi Linux icon.
2) System Requirements: This screen is simply a reminder of minimum requirements. You may safely click Forward here. Connecting to the Internet is not necessary and ticking the box for Download updates while installing is not recommended.
3) Installation Type: If you are installing Bodhi onto a system where it will be the only OS, select the Erase disk and install Bodhi option and click Install Now.
4) Write changes to disk and continue?: No matter which option you selected in step # 5 you will come to a confirmation screen like the one below. Go Back if you are unsure of your changes; otherwise click Continue
5) Time Zone: Select your time zone by either typing the name of a nearby city or clicking on your location on the map.
6) Keyboard Layout: Select your general keyboard style from the list on the left, then select the specific layout from the list on the right. There is also a text entry field where you can test your selections. When satisfied, click Forward.
Note! The next screen is the last screen before installation completes. If you are unsure of any settings you selected you may use the Back button to double-check/change them. When satisfied, click Forward.
7) User Account: Enter a name you would like for the primary user (non-root) account. Enter the password you would like associated for this account twice (for confirmation). Enter a name you would like for your computer. There is also a radio button choice between Log in automatically and Require my password to log in – the choice is yours but we always recommend requiring a password.
8) Finalization: This last step requires no user intervention. A slide show of general Bodhi Linux info is presented. Sit back and relax – in just a few minutes you’ll have a shiny new Bodhi Linux system!
1) When the installation is complete you will be asked to restart. Click Restart Now
2) Next a screen will appear with shutdown messages which will ask you to remove the installation media then press Enter
1) The first screen you will see is the GRUB boot screen. Bodhi Linux will be highlighted by default, and if no action is taken Bodhi Linux will boot automatically. If there are any other operating systems installed they can be selected by pressing the keyboard arrow keys then pressing Enter.
2) Type your password in the text entry field (it will appear on screen as a series of asterisks) then press Enter
3) Once you are logged in, you will be presented with Bodhi’s Quick Start Guide and the default Theme.
1) Update the System:
Some packages may have been updated to newer versions since the Bodhi Linux installation image was created.
1a) Select “System Updater” from Menu->System Tools->System Updater
1b) Enter your password and click ok
1c) Click the Select All button at the top of the eepDater screen
1d) Click the Apply
1e) Once updates are installed, you will be returned to the eepDater screen and you can exit safely.
2) Get Familiar with Bodhi Linux:
The first time you launch Midori (the default Web browser), you will be taken to The Bodhi Linux Quickstart Guide which will help you get connected to the Internet among many other basic tasks.
3) Install Your Favorite Applications:
Visit the Bodhi Linux AppCenter for an extremely easy way to install your favorite applications.
Ready to configure your new installation? Click here!