Synaptic Package Manager

Synaptic Package Manager

Revision for “Synaptic Package Manager” created on November 28, 2021 @ 01:40:22

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Synaptic Package Manager
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<h1>Synaptic Package Manager</h1> <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/a/synaptic/">Synaptic</a> is a graphical front-end to <a href="https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-faq/pkgtools.en.html#apt-get">apt</a> (<em>Advanced Package Tool</em>), the <strong>package management</strong> system in <strong>Bodhi Linux</strong>. It combines the <em>point-and-click</em> <strong>simplicity</strong> with the <strong>power</strong> of the <code>apt</code> or <code>apt-get</code> command-line tools. <h2>Features</h2> <ul> <li>Install, remove, upgrade and downgrade single and multiple packages.</li> <li>Upgrade your whole system.</li> <li>Manage package repositories (sources.list).</li> <li>Find packages by name, description and several other attributes.</li> <li>Select packages by status, section, name or a custom filter.</li> <li>Sort packages by name, status, size or version.</li> <li>Browse all available online documentation related to a package.</li> <li>Download the latest changelog of a package.</li> <li>Lock packages to the current version.</li> <li>Force the installation of a specific package version.</li> <li>Undo/Redo of selections.</li> </ul> <h2>Getting Started</h2> To open <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/a/synaptic/">Synaptic Package Manager</a>: <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><em>Main Menu &gt; Applications &gt; System Tools &gt; Synaptic Package Manager</em></p> <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><em>NOTE: Synaptic requires elevated permissions to run; you will be prompted to enter your sudo password - by default, this is your login password </em></p> <h2>Application Overview</h2> <h3>The Main Window</h3> This is <em>divided</em> into <strong>three sections</strong>. <ul> <li>1. <em>Left</em>. <strong>The Package Browser</strong></li> <li>2. <em>Upper Right</em>. <strong>The Package List</strong></li> <li>3. <em>Lower Right</em>. <strong>The Package Details</strong>.</li> </ul> <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticsPackageManager-620x442.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737"><img class="aligncenter wp-image-3473" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticsPackageManager-620x442.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptics Package Manager" width="200" height="143" /></a> <h3>The Toolbar</h3> The <strong>toolbar</strong> <em>contains</em> the following <strong>items</strong>: <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticToolbar-620x105.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737"><img class="aligncenter wp-image-3586" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticToolbar-620x105.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptic Toolbar" width="300" height="51" /></a> <ul> <li><strong>Reload</strong>: The Reload button reloads the list of applications from each of the repositories held on your system.</li> <li><strong>Mark All Upgrades</strong>: Mark all Upgrades marks all the applications that have available upgrades.</li> <li><strong>Apply</strong>: The Apply button applies changes to marked applications.</li> <li><strong>Properties</strong>: Properties provides information about selected applications.</li> <li><strong>Search</strong>: The Search button opens a search box where you can search the repositories for an application.</li> </ul> <h3>The Left Panel (Package Browser)</h3> There are a series of <strong>buttons</strong> at the bottom of the left panel,  they <em>change</em> the <strong>view</strong> of the <strong>list</strong> at the top of the left panel. The <strong>buttons</strong> being: <ul> <li><strong>Sections</strong>: Shows a list of categories in the left panel</li> <li><strong>Status</strong>: Show applications by status. The statuses are: Installed; Installed (auto removable); Installed (local or obsolete); Installed (manually); Installed (upgradeable); Not Installed; Not Installed (residual config)</li> <li><strong>Origin</strong>: Displays a list of repositories.</li> <li><strong>Custom Filters</strong>: Filter by categories: All; Broken; Community Maintained; Marked Changes; Missing Recommended Packages; Packages with Debconf; Search Filter; Upgradeable (upstream)</li> <li><strong>Search Results</strong>: Shows a list of search results in the right panel</li> <li><strong>Architecture</strong>: Lists categories by architecture: All; Arch: all; Arch: amd64; Arch: i386</li> </ul> <h3>The Upper Right Panel (The Package List)</h3> <em>Clicking</em> on a <strong>category</strong> in the left panel or <em>searching</em> for an <strong>application</strong>, <em>brings up</em> a <strong>list</strong> of <strong>applications</strong> in the upper right panel. The <strong>applications panel</strong> <em>contains</em> the following <strong>headings</strong>: <ul> <li>Check Mark (for selected)</li> <li>Package (name)</li> <li>Installed Version</li> <li>Latest Version</li> <li>Description</li> </ul> To <em>install</em> or <em>upgrade</em> an <strong>application</strong>, see the section <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/w/synaptic-package-manager/#Install_Software_Packages">Install Software Packages </a>(<em>below</em>) <h3>Repositories</h3> <strong>Repositories</strong> <em>represent</em> collections of nearly all the <strong>software</strong>, <strong>drivers</strong>, <strong>codecs</strong>, <strong>libraries</strong> and other <strong>packages</strong> that are <em>available</em> for <strong>Bodhi Linux</strong>. These are <em>curated</em> by the <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/w/the-team/">Bodhi Development Team</a> (<em>Moksha Desktop, Bodhi Apps and similar</em>) or, for the more generic (<em>Ubuntu based packages</em>), the wider <strong>Ubuntu development community</strong>. To <em>manage</em> <strong>software package repositories</strong> from the <strong>Synaptic Menu</strong>, <em>click</em> <em>Settings &gt; Repositories. </em> From there you can <em>enable/disable</em> <strong>installed repositories</strong>, or <em>add</em> <strong>new</strong>. <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticRepositories-620x434.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737"><img class="aligncenter wp-image-3587" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticRepositories-620x434.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptic Repositories " width="200" height="140" /></a> <h2>Using Synaptic To:</h2> <h3>Install Software Package(s)</h3> <ol> <li><em>Find</em> a <strong>package</strong> you want to <em>install</em> (<em>by searching or using filtered categories</em>). In the right-hand panel (<em>Package List</em>), <em>click</em> your <strong>package</strong> and <em>select</em> <strong>Mark for Installation</strong>. A <strong>confirmation</strong> will be <em>displayed,</em> <em>review</em> the <strong>confirmation</strong> and when happy <em>click</em> <strong>Mark</strong>.<em> <img class="wp-image-3589 aligncenter" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticMarkForInstallation-620x597.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptic Mark for Installation" width="200" height="193" /></em></li> <li>If you have more <strong>software packages</strong> to <em>install</em>, <em>repeat</em> step #1. Once you're satisfied you have all your software <strong>Marked for Installation</strong>, <em>click</em> <strong>Apply</strong> from the <strong>toolbar</strong>.</li> <li>A <strong>final confirmation</strong> window will <em>open</em>. <em>Review</em> the <strong>packages</strong> to be <em>installed</em> by <em>expanding</em> the <strong>To be Installed</strong> list. When you're happy to proceed, <em>click</em> <strong>Apply</strong> to <em>install</em> the <strong>package</strong>. The <strong>installation progress</strong> will be <em>shown</em>, followed by a <strong>confirmation</strong> when complete.</li> </ol> <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticApply-620x364.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737"><img class="wp-image-3591 aligncenter" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticApply-620x364.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptic Apply" width="199" height="117" /></a> <h3>Upgrade a Package</h3> <em>Click</em> <strong>Reload</strong> from the <strong>toolbar</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + R</em>) to <em>refresh</em> the <strong>Synaptic Repository Cache</strong>. <em>Right-click</em> on the <strong>package</strong>, <em>selecting</em> <strong>Mark for Upgrade</strong> from the context menu (<em>or press Ctrl + U</em>). Once you are satisfied with your choices, <em>click</em> <strong>Apply</strong> in the <strong>toolbar</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + P</em>). A <strong>summary</strong> of <strong>changes</strong> will be <em>shown</em>, <em>confirm</em> the <strong>changes</strong> by <em>clicking</em> on <strong>Apply</strong>. <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><em>NOTE: If your system does not have internet access, generate a download script instead of using Apply</em></p> <h3>Update all Package(s)</h3> Just like when <em>upgrading</em> a <strong>package</strong>, <em>click</em> <strong>Reload</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + R</em>) to <em>refresh</em> the <strong>Synaptic Repository Cache.</strong> From the <strong>toolbar</strong> <em>click</em> <strong>Mark all Upgrades</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + G</em>). <em>Click</em> <strong>Apply </strong>on the <strong>toolbar</strong> (<strong>or press Ctrl + P</strong>). A  <strong>summary</strong> of the <strong>changes</strong> will be <em>shown</em>, <em>click</em> <strong>Apply </strong>to <em>confirm</em> the <strong>changes</strong> and <em>proceed</em> with <strong>updates</strong>. <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticMarkAllForUpgrade.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737"><img class="aligncenter wp-image-3605" src="https://www.bodhilinux.com/trial/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/SynapticMarkAllForUpgrade-620x376.png?x55737&amp;x55737&amp;x55737" alt="Synaptic Mark All For Upgrade" width="200" height="121" /></a> <h3>Remove or Uninstall Packages</h3> To <em>remove</em> a <strong>package</strong>, <em>Right-click</em> on the <strong>package</strong> and <em>select</em> <strong>Mark for Removal</strong>. Once you're satisfied with your selection(s), <em>click</em> on <strong>Apply </strong>from the <strong>toolbar</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + P</em>). A <strong>summary</strong> of <em>changes</em> will be shown; <em>confirm</em> the <strong>changes</strong> by <em>clicking</em> <strong>Apply</strong>. <p style="padding-left: 30px;"><em>NOTE: The Mark for Complete Removal option will remove any configuration files associated with the package as well</em></p> <h3>Fix broken package(s)</h3> A <strong>broken package</strong> is where a package has <strong>dependencies</strong> that <em>cannot be satisfied</em> during <strong>installation</strong>. If one or more <strong>broken packages</strong> are <em>detected</em>, <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/a/synaptic/">Synaptic </a>will <em>prevent</em> any further <strong>package</strong> <em>changes</em> until the <strong>broken package</strong>(<strong>s</strong>) have been <em>addressed</em>. To <em>fix</em> <strong>broken package</strong>(<strong>s</strong>), from the <strong>Synaptic Menu</strong> <em>select</em> <em>Edit &gt; Fix Broken Packages</em>. <em>Select</em> <strong>Apply Marked Changes</strong> (<em>or press Ctrl + P</em>). <em>Confirm</em> the <strong>summary of changes</strong> and <em>click</em> <strong>Apply</strong>. <h2>Additional Resources</h2> <ul> <li>Synaptic <a href="https://www.nongnu.org/synaptic/">website</a></li> <li>Further detail from Debian relating to <a href="https://www.debian.org/doc/manuals/debian-faq/pkgtools.en.html#apt-get">apt/apt-get</a></li> <li>Get <a href="https://www.bodhilinux.com/a/synaptic/">Synaptic</a></li> </ul>
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